CONCERNING THE INTERVIEW WITH COMRADE GANAPATHY:
As part of our support for the people's war in India and our struggle for the unity of the communists on world level, we here present the Spanish translation of the interview with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), Comrade Ganapathy, made by the Maoist Information Bulletin (MIB) in 2014 on the occasion of the celebration of the 10th anniversary of the formation of the United Party. We call all communists and revolutionaries around the world to study the interview to be able to better understand the process of the people's war in India and draw lessons from its experiences; no revolution or people's war can be developed in isolation, but must be developed as a part of and serving the world revolution. Every advance or setback in a people's war, every struggle against revisionism, must serve to forge and develop our forces on world level. We emphasize that no Communist Party, and no International Communist Movement (MCI) can unite, advance and win through conciliation - the revisionist thesis of "two unite into one" - but only in implacable two line struggle against revisionism and opportunism as the main danger, upholding the Marxist principle "one divides into two".
Considering 1) the enormous and decisive importance of the revolution in India for the world proletarian revolution and 2) the experience of the hoax of the "peace accords" in Peru, the betrayal and capitulation in Nepal and the repercussions of Avakian's and Prachanda's revisionism, we think that it is important to discuss the problems pointed out by Comrade Ganapathy in the interview. For this purpose we will give a few examples from our people's war in Peru, of how our Party under the Great Leadership of Chairman Gonzalo has been able to solve problems, develop the people's war and maintain the course of the revolution.
There are also problems concerning the application of Maoism on international level, concerning the general line of the MCI, that are urgent to debate for us to be able to unite, and in this the Parties that lead people's war have a special responsibility. Among these problems we emphasize the question of the universal validity of the protracted people's war as the highest military theory and strategy of the international proletariat to be applied in all countries, imperialist countries as well as oppressed countries, according to the specific conditions of each country. On the other hand there are those who call themselves "maoists" but spread the thesis that in the imperialist countries, the communists must limit themselves to legal work in order to "accumulate forces" to prepare for a supposed "insurrection" that would follow the road of October; a position that only serves to obstruct the construction or reconstitution of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist, principally Maoist Parties, forged to fulfill their task of leading the revolution and conquer power with people's war in the imperialist countries; a position that leads to reformism, opportunism and capitulation.
The CPI(M) and its General Secretary, when they refer to the history of the ICM and the world proletarian revolution, analyze the experiences of the Soviet Union and China, but avoid taking position on the whole subsequent experience: of the people's war in Peru, of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM) etc. We consider that it is decisive and inevitable to debate precisely these experiences and all the struggles linked to them in order to make the evaluation of the application of Maoism, unite the communists on world level around a general line and make the bold advance that is due. To avoid the debate about these points to maintain a supposed "unity" will not allow us to advance, it will only serve to divide us and to conciliate with revisionism. We also note that the comrades of the CPI(M) do not refer to the world proletarian revolution, but to the term used by Prachanda in Nepal, many Trotskyites and other revisionists, the "world socialist revolution". If the comrades consider that there is any reason for this change, we are willing to debate it along with the other questions mentioned here.
We call all communists, in India and the whole world, to participate in the debate on these points.
On the two line struggle
Among the significant achievements of the people's war in India, Comrade Ganapathy mentions: "The merger into one party of CPI(Maoist) and CPI(M-L)NAXALBARI as another turning point in the effort to achieve unity of genuine revolutionaries in our country./ PW in India serving as one of the important focal points around which international unity of Maoist forces and an international solidarity and support movement could be built."
While we express our joy over the advances of the people's war in India and recognize the importance of this people's war's advance in uniting the communists and revolutionaries of the world under Maoism, we insist on what Chairman Mao Tsetung pointed out: "If unity is sought through struggle, it will live; if unity is sought through yielding, it will perish" (Current Problems of Tactics in the Anti-Japanese United Front). What does the current "unity" of the Maoist forces consist of, and how has this "unity" been achieved? What revisionist positions or lines have been crushed to reach this "unity"? For communists, it is not enough to talk about struggle or of revisionism in general; we always have to specify. To talk of "unity" in general, not specified, is a characteristic of revisionism and serves to conceal the existing differences and the revisionist positions. We communists bring the two line struggle to the masses, we forge the masses in the ideological and political struggle and mobilize them in the struggles against the revisionist positions inside and outside the Party. Chairman Gonzalo says:
When we study the history of the International Communist Movement, in the classics of Marx, Lenin and Chairman Mao, we see that a large part of the documents are detailed reports on the struggles against revisionism, and that each political or military victory has been the result of a successful struggle against the revisionist positions of the moment. Likewise, in the Military Line of the Communist Party of Peru, it is shown how each moment, each advance, each leap in the construction and reconstitution of the Party in order to initiate and develop the people's war, have had its specific struggles against different revisionist positions: Mariategui's struggle rejecting the road of elections, the struggle against Browderism, the struggle led by Chairman Gonzalo against electoralism and Khrushchev's revisionism, the struggle of the red faction and the expulsion of Jorge Del Prado's, Acosta's and Juan Barrio's revisionism, the struggle against the central leadership in the 60's, against the Patria Roja ["Red Fatherland"] fraction, against the left and right liquidationism, against the right opportunist line that opposed initiating the people's war, only to name a few examples. And thus the Party has continued and continues today to combat revisionism; crushing the rats of the right opportunist line (ROL) and the hoax of the "peace accords", and the militarist positions during the first decade of the new millennium, that later was structured as the "left" opportunist line (LOL) - armed revisionism.
In the interview, Comrade Ganapathy only mentions "bitter inner party struggles against right and ‘left’ opportunism", but we do not know how this opportunism has been expressed, or what ideological and political positions have been crushed. What is the relationship between these opportunisms and the policy of "peace talks", and what is the current position of the CPI(M) on these points, pointed out by the MPP in 2014: "what we ask ourselves today is how to interpret their ambiguous statements concerning peace talks, for example that they are in favor of "talks for establishment of genuine peace", or that there would be "a possibility to at least conduct talks to solve issues that would help in resolving the fundamental issues in order to resolve this civil war." What was the content of the struggles to be able to achieve the fusion of the CPI(M) and CPI(ML) Naxalbari?
The experience of the PCP of the struggle against the rats of the ROL and the hoax of the "peace accords" and the experience of the capitulation in Nepal confirm that without defining these points clearly and openly, without specifying and crushing the revisionist positions, expelling every structured revisionist line from the Party and mobilizing the masses against them, the communists may be able to develop the people's war to a certain point, but they will not be in a condition to make the leap of conquering the power for the proletariat and the people in the whole country.
On Chairman Gonzalo's contributions and the experiences of the people's war in Peru
In the contacts with the organizations and Parties of the ICM, the PCP and its generated organization the MPP for a long time have insisted on debating these problems - the danger of capitulation, the "peace accords", the perspective of the conquest of power etc. - considering the contributions of Chairman Gonzalo and the experiences of the people's war in Peru. One of these is the militarization of the Communist Parties, that we consider has universal validity, another is the unitary people's war, i.e. countryside principal, city as complement. Some people in the ICM, headed by Avakian and his followers, were opposed to debating these points (and others), and initiated a campaign of isolation and slander against the PCP - a campaign that continues today and that uses personal attacks and accusations of "dogmatism" to defend and hide its own revisionist positions behind words about "unity". We think that a Party such as the CPI(M), a Party that leads a people's war, has a great responsibility in giving ideological and political guidance to the communists and revolutionaries of the world; we hope that the comrades are for taking a firm and clear position on these points and that they are willing to participate in the debate concerning the contributions mentioned here.
On the militarization of the Communist Parties: In the interview, Comrade Ganapathy points out that the revolution in India is in a "very difficult situation", and that one of its main challenges is that of "preserving our subjective forces, particularly the strategic leadership of the party". He mentions that they have "lost a considerable number of party leaders at all levels starting from the central committee…" He refers to a "deceleration" of the guerrilla war and to "serious non-proletarian trends within the party. To overcome the problems, a bolshevisation campaign has been initiated "for raising the ideological and political level of the Party". It is not specified what the bolshevisation implies organizationally, or what measures have been taken as part of this campaign to overcome the problems of losses etc. It is not mentioned how the reaction in India have used precisely the "peace talks" systematically to kill the leaders of the PCI(M), and it is not mentioned how the PCP has combated the policy of "talks" (partly precisely because of its experience of how the Peruvian reaction uses such "talks"). We have not seen, in the interview nor in other documents of the PCI(M), any reference to what the PCP has put forward about the militarization of the Party. We think that the problems mentioned by Comrade Ganapathy are examples that show precisely the need for the militarization of the Party, and we emphasize the following:
On the relationship between countryside and cities in the people's war: The unitary people's war, established by Chairman Gonzalo, is a specification of the people's war to the conditions of Peru, but that needs to be considered in other countries as well:
In this context we must analyze the problem of Nepal, where they capitulated precisely in the face of the problem of taking the cities. Instead of mobilizing and organizing the masses in the city as part of the people's war, preparing the insurrection, the revisionist leaders, riding on the backs of the heroic masses, used the triumphs of the people's war to "put pressure" on the old state and get posts within the old system, selling out the revolution and the blood of the masses of the country. Therefore, once again, we call the communists in India and the world to study the experience in Peru of "countryside principal - cities as complement", seek closer ties between the Parties and participate in the open and honest debate between the Communist Parties, principally the Parties that lead people's war.